People spend billions of dollars every year on cosmetic surgery. They receive all sorts of procedures to improve their appearance, from breast augmentation to rhinoplasty. Most of these procedures, when conducted by a professional plastic surgeon, come out great.
However, even when conducted by a professional, these surgeries do come with risks. When considering plastic surgery, it is essential to have a clear understanding of the potential risks involved.
Here is a list of answers to some of the most common plastic surgery complications:
A pocket of blood that resembles a large bruise is called a hematoma. They occur in 1 to 6 percent of breast augmentation procedures, and it is the most common complication after a facelift.
A hematoma is a risk that can occur in almost any surgical procedure. The treatment for a hematoma sometimes includes additional operations to drain the blood.
Numbness and tingling are common after plastic surgery and can be a sign of nerve damage. Most women experience a change in sensitivity following breast augmentation surgery, and 15 percent of women lose nipple sensation permanently.
Even though postoperative care includes steps to reduce the risk of infection, it remains one of the more common complications of plastic surgery. In the case of breast surgeries, cellulitis (a skin infection) occurs in 2 to 4 percent of people. In some cases, infections can be internal and severe, requiring IV antibiotics.
Deep Vein Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism
When blood clots form in deep veins, usually in the leg, the condition is called deep vein thrombosis (DVT). When the clots break off and travel to the lungs, it is known as a pulmonary embolism (PE).
Even though these complications are usually uncommon, they can be fatal.
Every surgery usually results in some scarring. Scars from cosmetic surgery can be particularly troubling for the simple fact that cosmetic surgeons attempt to improve their patient’s appearance.
Hypertrophic scarring, for instance, is an abnormally red and thick raised scar that occurs in 2 to 5 percent of breast augmentation procedures.
General Appearance Dissatisfaction
Although most people are satisfied with their postoperative outcomes, disappointment with the results is a real possibility. People who have a breast surgery can experience contouring or asymmetry problems, while those who undergo facial surgeries may just not be pleased with the results.
For example, liposuction can be traumatic for internal organs. Visceral perforations or punctures can occur when the surgical probe comes into contact with internal organs. Repairing these injuries can require additional surgery. Worst case scenario, the perforations may also be fatal.
Complications with Anaesthesia
Anesthesia is the practice that allows patients to receive surgery without feeling the procedure. General anesthesia is when medications are used to make you unconscious, and they can lead to complications.
These complications include lung infection, stroke, heart attacks and death. More common anesthesia risks involve waking up confused and disoriented and shivering. A less common complication is anesthesia awareness or waking up during the surgery.
Seroma is a condition that occurs when serum from your blood pools beneath the surface of the skin, resulting in swelling and pain. This usually looks like a large blister.
This condition occurs after any surgery and is the most common complication of the procedure called a tummy tuck. Seroma is usually drained with a needle because they can become infected. This procedure to remove them is usually very effective. However, there is a chance of recurrence.
As with any surgery, some blood loss is expected. However, uncontrolled blood loss can lead to a drop in blood pressure with potentially deadly outcomes. Even though blood loss can happen on the operating table, there is also a chance for it to happen internally, after surgery.
As with any surgery, complications can be more common in certain people. For example, people who are obese or elderly are more prone to complications. Some complications can happen to just about anyone; this is why it is important to talk over the chance of complications with your surgeon before your surgery.
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