BMW Will Deliver Self-Driving Car by 2021

BMW Will Deliver Self-Driving Car by 2021


BMW is on track to deliver a fully self-driving car by the 2021 model year, the company’s senior vice president for autonomous driving, Elmar Frickenstein, claims.


“We are on the way to deliver a car in 2021 with level 3, 4, and 5,” Frickenstein told a panel discussion in Berlin recently, explaining the vehicle will have different levels of autonomy, depending on how and where it is used.


A Level 5 vehicle is capable of navigating roads without any driver input, while levels 3 and 4 still require a steering wheel and a driver who can take over if the car encounters a problem.


Frickenstein later clarified his remarks, saying the company’s autonomous car due in 2021 will offer Level 3 automated driving. This would allow the driver to do other tasks while the car steers itself, but the driver must still be prepared to take control when needed.


Technically, the 2021 BMW will be able to equip the car with Levels 4 and 5. Whether this happens depends on regulations, the availability 5G telecommunications and whether there are road infrastructures in cities on which driverless cars can travel.


BMW is planning to introduce its new “flagship” car into showrooms in 2021. The electric, autonomous car will be coined the BMW iNext. BMW CEO, Harald Krueger has told annual shareholders in Munich that


Krueger told annual shareholders in Munich that the upcoming 2021 vehicle will have a “cutting-edge” electric drivetrain and all new impressive luxurious interior. The new release, along with BMW’s current “i” vehicle line is an all out effort to compete in the luxury car electric vehicle market. This will be an addition to the line which already includes the i8 PHEV and the i3 BEV/REx.


Krueger claimed: iNext is set to be “our new innovation driver, with autonomous driving, digital connectivity, intelligent lightweight design, a totally new interior and ultimately brining the next generation of electro-mobility to the road.


BMW is currently revamping company concepts to assure direct competition with the likes of new OEM Tesla which is consistently gaining ground in all current markets, along with the usual competition from, Audi and Mercedes-Benz. This month the company showed its future ideas regarding vehicle autonomy via its Vision Next 100 concept car.


Additionally, the company is realizing that car ownership is continually diminishing in urban environments and expected to keep to this trend for the foreseeable future


To combat this trend BMW has announced its implementation of car-sharing and ride-sharing ventures. Its first introduction is a car-sharing situation in Seattle, with the possibility of more services like this in the future.


Statistics are currently proving that Tesla is dominating the European market forcing the “established” automakers to take notice and up their game in this market. Mercedes has been luckier than BMW with staying ahead of the game, launching new product line-ups and a multiplex of new models. BMW’s sales in the first quarter of 2016 only gained marginal success compared to that of Mercedes.


In an attempt to try to regain their momentum and gain ground, BMW has cut prices by 5.9 percent across the board, on all of their current stock of vehicles, in an attempt to regain the market share. This is partly due to the fact the company’s available models are all “older” models, in direct comparison to the competitors. Nevertheless, BMW is reportedly still on par with 2016 projections.


In his stockholder’s address, Krueger assured that for the seventh consecutive year, his company is on target, While, unfortunately, they need to surpass their target when factoring in the accelerated growth of the dominant competition.


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Driver Distraction Responsible for 1.4 Million Automobile Crashes in the Past Decade

Driver Distraction Responsible for 1.4 Million Automobile Crashes in the Past Decade


Distracted driving is a serious problem throughout the nation for drivers of all ages as well as cyclists, pedestrians and everyone who shares the road. New Jersey’s Acting Attorney General John J. Hoffman recently put the problem into perspective, saying more than one million crashes in the past decade involved a distraction of some kind.


Sources claim there were around 3 million auto accidents between 2004 and 2013. About 1.4 million of those, nearly half, involved driver distraction. In those accidents, more than 1,600 people died.


The “Decade of Distracted Driving”

Hoffman called it the decade of distracted driving, saying that something needs to be done to stop such accidents and save future lives. Hoffman has also warned that this problem is only getting worse, rather than better. The rate of distracted driving crashes is rising.


In 2004, for instance, inattention was cited in 42 percent of crashes. Today, inattention is cited in 53 percent of all accidents. The percentage of distracted driving accidents has grown 26 percent during the past decade.


Law enforcement cracking down

Several police departments have received grants to help fund distracted driving prevention and enforcement efforts. This comes from the new federal campaign “U Drive. U Text. U Pay.” The campaign includes checkpoints and increasing patrols to hold distracted drivers accountable before they cause an accident.


Law enforcement has issued around 3,000 summonses for distracted driving violations, only halfway into the campaign.


A recent survey revealed that even though 9 out of 10 respondents knew it was against the law to text and drive, 3 in 10 admitted to doing it anyway despite the dangers of it being mentioned all over the local news, internet and roadside signs.


There are many causes of distractions

Texting and emailing aren’t the only distractions to drivers, others include talking on your phone and even reaching for it. When cited on accident reports, “inattention” also can refer to eating behind the wheel, dropping something on the floorboard or even changing the radio station.


Recent research suggests that even hands-free technology is distracting. Your mind is still being distracted, even though your hands aren’t. This leads to something referred to as “inattention blindness”.


A recent study from the University of Iowa Public Policy Center found that when drivers used hands-free devices there was a reduction of brain activity in the areas needed for driving of about 37 percent. In other words, the mere acts of listening and talking are enough to cause a serious auto accident.


This research is a strong indicator that we need to go above and beyond what the laws require of us. Putting down your cell phone and ending texting while driving isn’t enough, you need to make sure your eyes and your mind stay focused solely on the road ahead. Anything less, and you risk being involved in an accident that could dramatically change your life forever.


Thank you for taking the time to visit my blog. If you enjoyed this article, let me help you with any of your professional content needs. Including professional and original blog articles, website content and all forms of content marketing. Please contact me at and I will put my 10+ years of experience to work for you.

Does Auto Detailing Increase the Value of a Vehicle?

Does Auto Detailing Increase the Value of a Vehicle


The average person keeps their vehicles a lot longer than they have in years past. People are hanging onto their vehicles for 5 – 6 years before trading it in or selling it to replace it with another one. This is 18 months longer than the average amount of time people held onto their current vehicles, before replacing them, back in 2006, and that time frame is expected to keep increasing.


The reasons for people hanging on to their vehicles much longer than they used to is because vehicles are being built much better than they ever have, most car loans are for 60 months so the payments can be kept lower and to account for the expense of new cars, as well as the shaky job markets in current years.


Since people are keeping their vehicles longer they are exposed to increasingly more wear and tear. This means 18 months’ worth of door dings and scratches picked up in parking lots, rust caused by road salt and other chemicals used during the winter months and the sun’s damaging UV rays. Most people aren’t aware of the gradual decline these elements cause to the shiny appearance of their vehicle.


The sun’s damaging UV rays

The largest contributor to vehicle damage are the Ultraviolet (UV) rays from the sun. Your vehicle’s paint job has UV inhibitors that absorb the harmful rays to help extend the life of your paint job.


However, over time these inhibitors get used up and cause your paint to become cloudy or hazy. This is most notable in headlight lenses. Over time you’ve noticed that your headlight lenses become yellowed, hazy or cloudy.


As the UV inhibitors fail, the surface goes from clear to oxidized and cloudy. Commonly, UV inhibitors in automotive paint has a half-life of 5 years. This means that, in five years, half of the UV inhibitors have been used up.



This severe damage to your vehicle’s paint job can easily be prevented and slowed by having the professionals at Car Care give your vehicle a proper detailing by applying quality wax, sealant and coatings to your vehicle’s finish at proper intervals.


Professional grade waxes, sealants and coatings are a layer of protection that bonds to the surface of your paint. They include UV inhibitors that protect your paint and help extend the life of your paint’s own UV inhibitors by absorbing the UV rays. They also add more shine and gloss to your vehicle, which greatly improves its appearance.


Whether you plan to keep your vehicle till it’s very last leg is outside the grave, or you’re planning on selling your it within a specific length of time, your vehicle’s appearance is extremely important.


It’s a proven fact, the better your vehicle looks the more money you’ll be able to get out of it when it does come time to sell it and get a newer model. Along with looking good, keeping your car a clean as possible helps all the components work better.


So, whatever your plans having your car detailed every so often is a great idea.


Thank you for taking the time to visit my blog. If you enjoyed this article, let me help you with any of your professional content needs. Including professional and original blog articles, website content and all forms of content marketing. Please contact me at and I will put my 10+ years of experience to work for you.

Can Your Car Be Hacked?

Can Your Car Be Hacked


Modern technology, it’s a two edge sword. Or, as the saying goes, “You can’t live with it, you can’t live without it”, don’t know what to do when it’s turned against us (I made that up, it seems fitting). We all remember the movies where the computers and robots we create turn against us.


Well that terrifying scenario no longer seems so farfetched. Charlie Miller and Chris Valesek proved, in 2013, how easy it was to hack and take over a car. Being able to do this was a monumental event that made the whole auto industry wake up to the fact that the vehicles they’re producing are extremely vulnerable to terrifying security breaches.


Miller and Valesek didn’t have malicious intentions, they only wanted to prove just how vulnerable today’s vehicles really are and what a serious security breach this really was.


The two researchers had the capability, by using only their laptops, to shut down the vehicle’s engine and shoot window washer fluid onto the windshield, which would be able to startle an unsuspecting driver, causing them to lose control of the car and crash.


The two researchers identified more than seven major categories of remote attack surfaces, based on their study of 20 models (2014 to 2015) from different manufacturers.


The research the two proved provoked the auto industry to take action with the help of FASTR (Future of Automotive Security Technology Research). FASTR recently released a manifesto, Toward Tomorrow’s ‘Organically Secure’ Vehicle, that declared its organisational and industry intentions to help enable the future of automotive security innovation.


FASTR, which was formerly “Automotive Security Review Board” (ASRB), founded by Aeris, Intel Security and Uber in 2016. FASTR is facilitating an industry-wide collaboration to drive cybersecurity across the entire automotive supply chain.


FASTR is a neutral, nonprofit consortium whose goal is to enable innovation in automotive security with a vision of self-healing vehicles. FASTR’s goal is to deliver the actionable applied and theoretical R&D needed to drive systematic coordination of cybersecurity across the entire supply chain and ensure trust in the connected and autonomous vehicle.


The total number of connected cars is expected to increase dramatically to an as many as 250 million connected cars on the roadways by 2020. However, FASTR says mass adoption of autonomous vehicles won’t happen without trust that these cars are cyber-secure.


Craig Hurst, FASTR’s executive director, said the societal benefits of connected and autonomous vehicles promise to be profound. However, with connectivity comes certain inherent risks, he warns. “Nearly every wireless communication interface in vehicles today has vulnerabilities,” he said.


The nature of the dramatic complexity of modern vehicle computing is creating a “system of systems” that introduces dependencies across systems. This means, a laptop connected to the internet, connected to poorly secured TCU (telematics control unit), connected to the brakes, he said.


“Security needs to be considered from an expansive, diverse perspective from the onset of vehicle system architecture design,” Hurst noted. “We are moving from a current state of limited but expanding vehicle connectivity (telematics, infotainment, etc.) to a highly complex, fully connected environment including vehicle to vehicle (V2V), vehicle to infrastructure control (V2I), or, more generally, vehicle to everything(V2X).”


Some of the systems that also showed vulnerability included remote keyless entry, unsecured Wi-Fi hotspots, OBD-11 (on-board diagnostic system) and USB. Intel Security in 2015 released a white paper in which it listed many of the most hackable and exposed attack surfaces on a next-generation vehicle.


When a hacker has gained access through one of these entry points, injection of controller area network (CAN) messages may be possible, to manipulate other systems in the vehicle, even safety-critical systems.


As recently as last year Miller and Valasek took their 2015 remote hack of a Jeep Cherokee to the next level, they proved they can control the accelerator, brakes, steering and electronic parking bake at more dangerous driving speeds.


“This is a new class of attacks against CAN messages, “  Miller said. “It’s still very basic in the types of messages you use“ to attack the car, he says. “It’s an easy attack.


In one attack, Miller and Valasek spun the steering wheel 90 degrees at 60 mph. They also controlled the acceleration pedal, as well as the brakes. “We can permanently lock the electronic parking brake so it’s permanently immobilised.


Even if you restart the car, the parking brake would be on and you would not be able to drive anywhere,” Miller said. “We disable all aspects of steering, so it’s super-hard to turn the wheel and even harder if you drive the car without steering at any speed.”


Obviously, hacking a Jeep that is driving at high speeds makes an already serious issue tenfold. “Now you have scary levels of control,” Valasek said of the high-speed hacks.


Thank you for taking the time to visit my blog. I sincerely hope that my blog entertains, helps and gets you thinking. Please take a minute to leave a comment to start and interesting conversation, or add your interesting thoughts to an existing conversation.


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Switzerland’s Sebastien Buemi Makes History in Formula E Racing

Switzerland's Sebastien Buemi Makes History in Formula E Racing


Switzerland’s Sebastien Buemi has made history in Formula E racing recently, when he became the first driver to win three Formula E rounds in row ever.


As the reigning champion and former Formula One driver, Buemi has now won all three races this season for the Renault e. dams team at Buenos Aires following Hong Kong and Morocco.


Buemi’s began his career in Formula E racing with the inaugural Formula E season for e. dams alongside Frenchman Nicolas Prost. Currently Buemi is the most successful driver in the series’ history having claimed more wins, poles, fastest laps and points than any other driver in the series.


Formula E Racing

Formula E is a class of auto racing that uses only electric-powered cars. This series started with its inaugural championship started in Beijing on September 13, 2014 and is sanctioned by the FIA.


The current Formula E championship is contested by ten teams of two drivers each. The race usually takes place on a temporary city-center street circuits which are approximately 2 to 3.4 km (1.2 to 2.1 mi.) long.


Currently, only the Mexico City ePrix takes place on a road course, a modified version of the Autódromo Hermanos Rodriguez.


Race Day

The race lasts for about 50 minutes with the drivers making one mandatory pit stop to change cars. Changing tires during the race is not permitted, unless a change is necessary due to a puncture or some other detrimental damage to the tire. During a race, the maximum power is restricted to 170 kW. Points are awarded using the standard FIA system.



Fans are able to vote for their favorite driver, for every race, using various social media networks. Voting begins two weeks before a race and is open for voting up through the first six minutes of the race.


The three winning drivers each receive an extra 100 kJ of energy to be used in a power window between 180 kW and 200 kW.


Scoring Points

Points are awarded to the top ten drivers using the standard FIA system. Three points are also awarded to the driver who has the pole position. The driver who holds the fastest lap receives an additional point (two points during the first two seasons).


The championship consists of both a driver’s and teams’ championship. A driver’s end of season total is made up of their best results. A team’s total is made up by counting the drivers’ scores throughout the season.


With this past weekend’s win, Buemi leads the standings by 29 points from Brazilian Lucas Di Grassi with the next race to be held in Mexico City on April 1st.


Renault e.dams have now won half of all the Formula E races that have taken place. Jean – Eric Vergne, from France, was second in Saturday’s race for the Chinese Techeetah team with Di Grassi, who started on pole position, third for Team Abt Schaeffler Audi Sport.



This past weekend, Buenos Aires also got to see the first demonstration run of two driverless ‘Roborace’ development, or ‘DevBot’, electric cars running on the same track together at speeds reaching 185 kph.


The cars used sensors and on-board systems to navigate the street circuit while communicating with each other to avoid contact. However, one of the cars still managed to crash into the barriers.


An additional hazard was posed by a stray dog who found himself wandering onto the race track.


In a statement, Denis Sverdlov, Roborace’s Chief Executive said “This is a historic moment for Roborace and for the future of autonomous vehicle development,”


“Seeing these cars interacting at speed on a race track shows how fast the technology is progressing and how important a platform Roborace is for further development.


“It is so exciting to see these vehicles functioning without any human intervention, making their own decisions and taking appropriate actions in order to guide themselves around the track.”


Ultimately, Formula E organisers hope to have up to 10 driverless cars racing together. The goal is to have the teams write their own software, around city tracks as a support event to their series.


Thank you for taking the time to visit my blog. I sincerely hope that my blog entertains, helps and gets you thinking. Please take a minute to leave a comment to start and interesting conversation, or add your interesting thoughts to an existing conversation.


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The Nissan IDS Concept Car – The Future of the Automobile



The Nissan IDS (Intelligent Driving System) concept car is drawing a lot of attention, which is understandable when you when you see it. First unrivaled at the 2015 Tokyo Auto Show, the vehicle is autonomous, which Nissan calls Piloted Drive and electric.


The auto maker plans to roll out the concept car in two phases. The first phase will be the Pilot Drive 1.0 which will be offered to the Japanese market beginning this year, before the car is sold to China, Europe and the United States.


The Piloted Drive 2.0 will include the ability to handle highway speeds and multiple lane roads. This will include the ability to merge into traffic and change lanes. The company said, in a statement, that the IDS system will be available on multiple models worldwide by 2020.




The state-of-the-art interior includes four individual seats that turn toward the center to make conversation easier. The steering wheel folds up, and a large touch screen appears on the dash. With soft lighting, the cabin resembles relaxing in your living room.


The driver is offered various driving options due to AI (Artificial Intelligence), voice and body gestures, all adding to, not only the driving experience, but also the overall safety of the vehicle.


When the driver chooses to manually drive the vehicle, there is no doubt in their mind that they are in complete control. The steering wheel was designed to give the driver the feeling they are holding the reins of a horse.


The interior lighting also switches to blue, designed to stimulate the driver’s ability to concentrate on the task of driving.




The stylish suicide doors, without pillars, immediately bring back images of 1960’s era Lincolns, the exterior of the Nissan IDS is just as futuristic as the interior. For enjoying the trip, the roof is almost entirely glass and rests on a carbon fiber body.


The Nissan IDS offers a long wheel base, enabling a smooth luxurious ride that you would more expect from a gasoline powered luxury car rather than an autonomous electric vehicle. The long wheelbase also offers the driver, if they choose to drive the vehicle, the ability to hug the road and perform like a fine tooled expensive sports car.


The Nissan’s hollow-structure A-pillars help to ensure superb visibility in all directions, reducing blind spots and also contributing to the feeling of a wide open space.



Power Plant

Containing a 60 kWh battery, with a light carbon fiber body and clean aerodynamic design, the concept car is expected to meet and exceed the need for traveling long distances, boasting a pretty astounding 340 miles per charge.


Many are saying that the Nissan IDS concept car is not only the vehicle of the future, but what all cars, present day and in the future should offer the driver. Setting aside the fact that the vehicle is autonomous and electric Nissan’s new concept car offers a ride that brings to mind fine made automobiles.


However, one of the most impressive features of the new concept car is its ability to improve the driving experience by improving the driver’s ability to see, think and react to all driving conditions.


Thank you for taking the time to visit my blog. I sincerely hope that my blog entertains, helps and gets you thinking. Please take a minute to leave a comment to start and interesting conversation, or add your interesting thoughts to an existing conversation.

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Perfect Sound With a Class D Car Amplifier


Good music can produce many different emotions in different people. As the saying goes “One man’s meat is another man’s poison” meaning that our tastes aren’t all the same. Nowhere is this statement more true than in the case of music.

However, most of us can agree on the difference between music that sounds good and music that sounds bad. Music can bring on a state of relaxation, cheer us up and even allow for deep reflection.

Our vehicle is one place where we love to listen to our favorite tunes. In some cases, it’s the only place we choose to listen to our favorite music. Music is the one form of entertainment we can safely enjoy while motoring down the road. After all, it isn’t really advisable to watch your favorite TV show while driving to work.

With this being said we usually don’t mind investing in our car audio system. The most affordable way to improve the quality of your automobile’s audio system is with a quality amplifier.

One of the best systems on the market today is the Class D Car Amplifier. As with anything we purchase today, especially on the internet, honest Class D Car Amplifier Reviews are extremely important to help you make an educated decision on which amplifier to purchase.

With so many car amplifiers available to choose from, choosing a quality one at an affordable price can be challenging.

Class D amplifier explained

Class D audio amplifiers are designed to handle sound differently. They are designed to utilize the output transistors as a switch, allowing them to control the power to the speakers in a more balanced distribution. Since the Class D amplifier’s transistors rapidly switch on and off, the amplifiers usually provide higher distortion than the Class AB amplifiers.

Characteristics of a Class D Amplifiers

Some of the more noticeable benefits the Class D Amplifier provides over the other classes of amplifiers include:

  • More energy efficient
  • Lower operating temperatures
  • Excellent low-frequency sound reproduction

One of the most noticeable drawbacks noticeable in the Class D Audio Amplifier is the noticeable lower high-frequency sound reproduction.

Class D popularity

In 2015, the Class D Audio Amplifier was responsible for the largest market share over all other vehicle audio amplifiers and they are expected grow in popularity this year and in the future.

This increase in demand is attributed to the increase in vehicle audio system technology.

Tips for buying a car audio amplifier

When buying an audio amplifier for your vehicle there are a few things to keep in mind including:

  • Make sure you get what you pay for
  • Make sure you receive a dependable warranty with your amplifier
  • Be sure the amplifier will physically fit in the space you have available
  • Always use good wiring when installing the amplifier
  • Make sure the amplifier will do everything you need it to
  • Check to make sure the amplifier will be able to easily handle the load you need it to
  • Always purchase an amplifier that is more powerful then what you require

With the wide assortment of car audio amplifiers on the market choosing the one suitable for your needs can seem daunting. However, with a little research and knowledge you will find that the Class D Audio Amplifier will be the most suitable to your needs.